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help:difference between external n internal sort


IBM Mainframe Forums -> DFSORT/ICETOOL
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priyabrata mohanty

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Joined: 04 Mar 2005
Posts: 8
Location: bangalore

PostPosted: Mon Mar 07, 2005 7:03 pm
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hi friends,
can anybody say whts the difference between internal and external sort and which one is more effecient to use(i.e. where to use which one)? if cobol sort stmt is converted to jcl dfsort stmt before cobol pgm run, then whts the advantage of using jcl sort ?
thankx n regards,
priyabrata mohanty.
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Frank Yaeger

DFSORT Developer


Joined: 15 Feb 2005
Posts: 7129
Location: San Jose, CA

PostPosted: Tue Mar 08, 2005 1:36 am
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See Chapter 6 of "z/OS DFSORT Tuning Guide" for some insight on this. You can access it online at:

publibz.boulder.ibm.com/cgi-bin/bookmgr_OS390/BOOKS/ICE1CT00/6.0?DT=20031124135012

If you prefer the pdf version, you can access it from:

Use [URL] BBCode for External Links
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jeyaprakashmN

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Joined: 08 Mar 2005
Posts: 4
Location: Bangalore

PostPosted: Tue Mar 08, 2005 9:52 am
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DFSORT two types .
1. MVS Utility called " SORT " also know as "Stand Alone sort.
2. Using High level lanhauage Like Cobol, Fortron know as "Internal Sort ".

If you want to know which one best means " Stand alone sort" is best., .

Advantage : If you want to resequence with different format or different fields, it's very easy to change and memory (Space) also very less and very fast.
Whereas Internal Sort , you have to change the coding in program every time than compilering all the jobs, it will take more time.

Jeya Prakash Narayanan.M
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Frank Yaeger

DFSORT Developer


Joined: 15 Feb 2005
Posts: 7129
Location: San Jose, CA

PostPosted: Tue Mar 08, 2005 10:34 pm
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Jeya,

Actually, the "internal" sort (COBOL SORT statement) calls the "Stand Alone sort" (e.g. DFSORT). And you can use control statements for DFSORT along with the "internal" sort (e.g. with DFSPARM).

Please see the links I mentioned above for more information on this.
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