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Read VSAM file based on a partial key


IBM Mainframe Forums -> JCL & VSAM
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seahawk789

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Joined: 22 Feb 2010
Posts: 56
Location: Cochin

PostPosted: Tue Aug 19, 2014 10:26 am
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I have a VSAM file with key as 2 fields of 5 bytes each

Code:

KEYFIELD1 - 5 BYTES
KEYFIELD2 - 5 BYTES
...
Other data fields


However in my program I know the value for only 1 key - KEYFIELD1. Also I know that even if I retrieve data using KEYFIELD1 still it will return only 1 record. As a result in my program I have declared only KEYFIELD1 as the attribute

Code:

01 KEY-VSAM
    05 KEYFIELD1   PIC X(05)


and using that I am executing CICS read statement

Code:

EXEC CICS READ
DATASET  (TVSAM-FILE)
RIDFIELD (KEY-VSAM)
KEY LENGTH (LENGTH OF KEYVSAM)
INTO (WS-REC)
RESP (WS-RESPONSE)
EQUAL
END-EXEC


Now since the key attribute of the actual VSAM file differs from what I have in my code will the above statement be successful ? or if not is it possible to handle the error condition in WS-RESPONSE ?

Or the only option is to use STARTBR AND THEN READNEXT ?

Please help.
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Bill Woodger

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Joined: 09 Mar 2011
Posts: 7310
Location: Inside the Matrix

PostPosted: Tue Aug 19, 2014 12:13 pm
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If your VSAM key is 10 bytes, it is 10 bytes. It is not made of two parts, or one part or 10 - or, to put it another way. VSAM doesn't know or care.

Reading a VSAM file with a key only returns a record for an exact match.

If you only know a partial, leading, part of the key, then the rest of the key you set to a value lower than can be reasonably expected (binary zeros is the most effective) and use whatever is provided to "start" from that particular point in the file, and then use one or more sequential "reads".
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Marso

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Joined: 13 Mar 2006
Posts: 1349
Location: Israel

PostPosted: Tue Aug 19, 2014 2:41 pm
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As you have only a partial key, you have to use the GENERIC option in your EXEC CICS READ statement.
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seahawk789

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Joined: 22 Feb 2010
Posts: 56
Location: Cochin

PostPosted: Tue Aug 19, 2014 6:06 pm
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Thanks. So the below code should work.

Code:
EXEC CICS READ
DATASET  (TVSAM-FILE)
RIDFIELD (KEY-VSAM)
KEY LENGTH (LENGTH OF KEYVSAM)
INTO (WS-REC)
RESP (WS-RESPONSE)
GENERIC
END-EXEC
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Pete Wilson

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Joined: 31 Dec 2009
Posts: 507
Location: London

PostPosted: Wed Aug 20, 2014 3:26 pm
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Are the 2 keys of the records contiguous? If not you'd have to be looking at using an alternate index to access the file based on the second key value.
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Rohit Umarjikar

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Joined: 21 Sep 2010
Posts: 2771
Location: NYC,USA

PostPosted: Wed Aug 20, 2014 7:44 pm
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As suggested by Pete , I would also suggest to use alternate index. However, when you use GENERIC you should be able to get the data.
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PeterHolland

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Joined: 27 Oct 2009
Posts: 2477
Location: Netherlands, Amstelveen

PostPosted: Wed Aug 20, 2014 9:30 pm
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Quote:

I have a VSAM file with key as 2 fields of 5 bytes each


That is NOT possible (like Mr. Woodger stated), and if you want to do a generic read, supply the total length (10 bytes) and the keyfield as a 10 byte field.
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