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Is END-IF is mandetory in IF statment?


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sashi

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Joined: 14 Sep 2005
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PostPosted: Tue Mar 09, 2010 8:35 pm
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Hi All,
Is END-IF is mandetory in IF statment?
I did try to compile the program with out END-IF, its compiled successfully.
Just I want to know how it will be execute it?
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expat

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PostPosted: Tue Mar 09, 2010 8:36 pm
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What's wrong with trying it out yourself as you have already compiled the program.
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Robert Sample

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PostPosted: Tue Mar 09, 2010 9:08 pm
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There is a link to manuals at the top of this page. If you click on it, find the COBOL Language Reference manual, and read you can find out everything you want to know about the IF statement.
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CICS Guy

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PostPosted: Tue Mar 09, 2010 9:28 pm
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sashi wrote:
Is END-IF is mandetory in IF statment?
No....
Quote:
Just I want to know how it will be execute it?
It depends on where the period is....

Delimited scope statements
In general, a DELIMITED SCOPE statement uses an explicit scope terminator to turn a conditional statement into an imperative statement. The resulting imperative statement can then be nested. Explicit scope terminators can also be used to terminate the scope of an imperative statement. Explicit scope terminators are provided for all COBOL statements that can have conditional phrases.
Unless explicitly specified otherwise, a delimited scope statement can be specified wherever an imperative statement is allowed by the rules of the language.


The scope of an IF statement can be terminated by any of the following:
An END-IF phrase at the same level of nesting
A separator period
If nested, by an ELSE phrase associated with an IF statement at a higher level of nesting


ps. are you GMs just trying to boost your post count? icon_rolleyes.gif
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expat

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PostPosted: Tue Mar 09, 2010 9:37 pm
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CICS Guy wrote:
ps. are you GMs just trying to boost your post count? icon_rolleyes.gif
Nah, just trying to invoke a sense of adventure in the OP by trying to get him/her to actually try something before posting.

Sado necrophillia equine if you ask me icon_rolleyes.gif
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Robert Sample

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PostPosted: Tue Mar 09, 2010 9:38 pm
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No, I'm trying to encourage independent learning and manual reading. But it goes ever so slowly ....
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CICS Guy

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PostPosted: Tue Mar 09, 2010 9:48 pm
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expat wrote:
just trying to invoke a sense of adventure in the OP by trying to get him/her to actually try something before posting.
Robert Sample wrote:
No, I'm trying to encourage independent learning and manual reading. But it goes ever so slowly ....
I've personally (speaking for myself) noticed that a helping hand (or in this case a url) aids in the learning process....

BTW,
expat wrote:
Sado necrophillia equine if you ask me :roll
Sado(?) a dead horse?....I did flunk Latin more times than I passed it...grin....
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Terry Heinze

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PostPosted: Wed Mar 10, 2010 10:24 am
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Robert Sample wrote:
No, I'm trying to encourage independent learning and manual reading. But it goes ever so slowly ....
My own attempts at behavior modification have had very little success. icon_sad.gif
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dick scherrer

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Joined: 23 Nov 2006
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PostPosted: Wed Mar 10, 2010 10:36 am
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I believe we have had more success than is shown. . .

Just look at how many people view these discussions. . .

Many take away info that is never recorded within our forum.

The more we show the way to an answer (rather than only an answer) the more we influence those who will learn.

imho,

d
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Anuj Dhawan

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PostPosted: Wed Mar 10, 2010 2:45 pm
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sashi wrote:
Is END-IF is mandetory in IF statment?
I did try to compile the program with out END-IF, its compiled successfully.
Just I want to know how it will be execute it?
It's not only with "IF statement", actually, in this context, IF should not raise your eye-brows, instead "end scope terminator (".")" can be of your interest, as CICS Guy has said. (...most probably you have used the period, please show us your actual code to be sure)
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manikawnth

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PostPosted: Wed Mar 10, 2010 2:58 pm
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YOu got no compiler errors.
It means you have to be more careful where u placed the period.
You might have placed the period 5 to 10 statements down the line where u actually want to end and still the compiler assumes it as scope terminator (As it cant read ur mind icon_smile.gif ).
Make it a habit of placing an end-if as scope terminator (instead of period) for readability and maintainability unless you are very sure that nobody else will touch your code in future.
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GuyC

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PostPosted: Fri Mar 19, 2010 9:01 pm
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I know most people know this, but I just want to mention the behavior of NEXT SENTENCE : It goes to the next period !

You can't just replace periods with scope terminators if you leave next sentence.

Use of 'NEXT SENTENCE' is not allowed here.
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Terry Heinze

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Location: Richfield, MN, USA

PostPosted: Sat Mar 20, 2010 12:00 am
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As GuyC points out, not knowing how NEXT SENTENCE works can get you in big trouble. I much prefer using CONTINUE and scope terminators.
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ElHachu

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Joined: 12 Mar 2010
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PostPosted: Sat Mar 20, 2010 5:36 pm
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I agree with Anuj Dhawan, The sentences that will be executed would be all before the period:

IF [conditions]

[sentences]

.

Or

IF [conditions]

[sentences]

ELSE

[more sentences]

.

And as Terry says, be careful with NEXT SENTENCE. Many companys do not allow using it.
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