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what is the diff b/w correlated query & non-correlated q

 
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bhaskar80

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Joined: 12 Apr 2007
Posts: 7
Location: bangalore

PostPosted: Mon Apr 16, 2007 6:00 pm    Post subject: what is the diff b/w correlated query & non-correlated q
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what is the diff b/w correlated query & non-correlated query? which is faster ? why?
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mkk157

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Joined: 17 May 2006
Posts: 310

PostPosted: Wed Apr 18, 2007 2:49 pm    Post subject: Hi
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Hi Bhaskar,

For Info about the Correlated Sub-queries see the following link http://publib.boulder.ibm.com/infocenter/iseries/v5r3/index.jsp?topic=/sqlp/rbafycorrs.htm
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mkk157

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Joined: 17 May 2006
Posts: 310

PostPosted: Wed Apr 18, 2007 2:52 pm    Post subject: Hi
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A correlated subquery is a subquery that is evaluated once for each row of the outer query.

It may indeed be convenient to imagine a correlated subquery as being "evaluated" or "executed" once for each row of the outer query; do not, however, be misled into thinking that the database optimizer actually executes it in that fashion, because this will lead you to believe that it's not very efficient, when in fact most optimizers will process a correlated subquery very efficiently, as a join.

Okay, with that out of the way, what's the difference between an ordinary subquery and a correlated subquery? The correlated subquery makes an actual reference, using a correlation variable, to the outer query. For example, here's a query with two subqueries:

select studentname
, studentmark
, ( select avg(studentmark)
from students
where class = t1.class ) as classaverage
, ( select avg(studentmark)
from students ) as schoolaverage
from students t1
In the above example, t1 is the correlation variable that lets the correlated subquery refer to the table in the outer query. For each student, two averages are calculated: the average mark of all students in the same class, and the overall average of all students in all classes.

Here's another example of a correlated subquery, this time in the WHERE clause:

select category
, articletitle
, articlepubdate
from articles zz
where articlepubdate
= ( select max(articlepubdate)
from articles
where category = zz.category )
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bhaskar80

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Location: bangalore

PostPosted: Thu Apr 19, 2007 1:54 pm    Post subject: Re: what is the diff b/w correlated query & non-correlat
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Thanks a lot.. sir..
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