A File record can be compared with a segment occurence in a IMS database. File record consist of some specified fields. Similarily a segment occurence has fields.
05 Name PIC X(10)
05 Address PIC X(20)
05 FILLER PIC X(50)
What i m trying to establish with these examples is that a file record is comparable to a segment occurence in a database.
A Database record is a collection of such segment occurences.
Starting from the root segment and traversing along the hierarchical structure of the IMS database from one segment to other until the last segment in the database constitutes one databse record.