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Handling exponential formats in COBOL

 
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balubhat

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Joined: 04 Oct 2005
Posts: 19
Location: Singapore

PostPosted: Thu Feb 10, 2011 2:58 pm    Post subject: Handling exponential formats in COBOL
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Hii

Please let me know how to handle exponential data format in Cobol.

I have a file of fixed length format and one of the field is amount field which is having values like 5.6843418860808015e-14 .
But it also has values like 328.88899999999995. I need to define the copybook structure for this file. How should I declare a variable to handle this type of values?


Thanks a lot in advance.
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Dsingh29

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Joined: 16 Dec 2008
Posts: 132
Location: IBM

PostPosted: Thu Feb 10, 2011 3:20 pm    Post subject:
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you can use 'E' in your pic clause....

E
indicates that the following digits are the exponential for a floating point number. For example PIC '9v99999e99'.


For more information:

http://www.felgall.com/cob1.htm.


BTW..it took me just 2 mins to google. icon_smile.gif
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Robert Sample

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Joined: 06 Jun 2008
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Location: East Dubuque, Illinois, USA

PostPosted: Thu Feb 10, 2011 3:49 pm    Post subject:
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I suspect you'll have to define the field as PIC X and use program logic to determine how to handle the contents. If you use an E in the PICTURE clause, I would think records without an E in the field would cause a problem. I have not had a chance to test this, though -- when I get a chance to, Ill post the results.
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Kjeld

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Joined: 15 Dec 2009
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Location: Denmark

PostPosted: Fri Feb 11, 2011 3:33 pm    Post subject:
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Is the precision really used for anything? These formats most of all look like values punched from some SAS program where the programmer didn't care or weren't instructed to specify a fixed precision format.

If you have a chance to challenge the input formatting, I would start there.
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