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How to find Primary key of a table using query??

 
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sakthi_ksv

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Joined: 20 Jul 2006
Posts: 48
Location: Chennai

PostPosted: Tue Oct 30, 2007 2:27 pm    Post subject: How to find Primary key of a table using query??
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Hi,

Is it possible to find the primary key of a table by querying the SYSIBM tables? If so how?? I was asked this question in an interview. I wish to know whether this is possible and the solution also.

Thanks and Regards,
Sakthi.
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enrico-sorichetti

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Joined: 14 Mar 2007
Posts: 10210
Location: italy

PostPosted: Tue Oct 30, 2007 2:31 pm    Post subject: Reply to: How to find Primary key of a table using query??
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search the forums the answer has been replied to many times
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Aaru

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Joined: 03 Jul 2007
Posts: 1288
Location: Chennai, India

PostPosted: Tue Oct 30, 2007 2:48 pm    Post subject: Reply to: How to find Primary key of a table using query??
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sakthi,

Check the following topics.

http://ibmmainframes.com/viewtopic.php?t=2829

http://ibmmainframes.com/viewtopic.php?t=262
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sakthi_ksv

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Joined: 20 Jul 2006
Posts: 48
Location: Chennai

PostPosted: Tue Oct 30, 2007 3:18 pm    Post subject:
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hi,

Through one of the forum given by Aaru I tried to find the PK using the following query

SELECT TBCREATOR, TBNAME, NAME, KEYSEQ
FROM SYSIBM.SYSCOLUMNS
WHERE TBCREATOR = 'creater id'
AND TBNAME = 'table-name'
AND KEYSEQ > 0
ORDER BY KEYSEQ;


None of the columns of tables have KEYSEQ >0. Does that mean that all the tables wont have a PK. Also none of the tables have entries in SYSKEYS or SYSINDEXES tables. So does that mean that there is no PK or index in my application??

special thanks to those who helped me in searching the forum to find the solution.

Thanks and Regards,
Sakthi.
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Craq Giegerich

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Joined: 19 May 2007
Posts: 1512
Location: Virginia, USA

PostPosted: Tue Oct 30, 2007 7:53 pm    Post subject:
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sakthi_ksv wrote:
hi,

Through one of the forum given by Aaru I tried to find the PK using the following query

SELECT TBCREATOR, TBNAME, NAME, KEYSEQ
FROM SYSIBM.SYSCOLUMNS
WHERE TBCREATOR = 'creater id'
AND TBNAME = 'table-name'
AND KEYSEQ > 0
ORDER BY KEYSEQ;


None of the columns of tables have KEYSEQ >0. Does that mean that all the tables wont have a PK. Also none of the tables have entries in SYSKEYS or SYSINDEXES tables. So does that mean that there is no PK or index in my application??

special thanks to those who helped me in searching the forum to find the solution.

Thanks and Regards,
Sakthi.

Are you sure you are using the correct values for creator-id and table-name. Tables with no Primary Keys and no indexes sounds a little strange.
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sakthi_ksv

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Joined: 20 Jul 2006
Posts: 48
Location: Chennai

PostPosted: Wed Oct 31, 2007 11:33 am    Post subject:
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Ya, I am sure... I am using right values. Does that mean that there is no PK for the tables. If so if there is anyother means to know the PK??

Please let me know.

Thanks in advance,
Sakthivel.
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dick scherrer

Site Director


Joined: 23 Nov 2006
Posts: 19270
Location: Inside the Matrix

PostPosted: Wed Oct 31, 2007 8:35 pm    Post subject:
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Hello,

It is not likely that there are no primary keys for multiple tables.

Try the query without naming the creator or the table name and see how many primary keys are identified. If none are found, it is almost surely a problem with the query.
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stodolas

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Joined: 13 Jun 2007
Posts: 632
Location: Wisconsin

PostPosted: Wed Oct 31, 2007 9:53 pm    Post subject:
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Why wouldn't you be going against SYSINDEXES to find the name of the primary key on the table. Then finding the columns in that index?
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Srihari Gonugunta

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Joined: 14 Sep 2007
Posts: 295
Location: Singapore

PostPosted: Thu Nov 01, 2007 9:43 am    Post subject:
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As Steve said, The following query on SYSIBM.SYSINDEXES can also be used for finding out the primary key.

SELECT TBCREATOR, TBNAME, NAME, CREATOR, DBNAME, INDEXSPACE FROM SYSIBM.SYSINDEXES
WHERE TBCREATOR = ’creater id’ AND TBNAME = ’table name’ AND UNIQUERULE = ’P’;
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