Joined: 23 Feb 2006 Posts: 305 Location: Hyderabad,India
The Difference :
The main difference between static and dynamic call is the time at which the load module of a subroutine gets invoked or gets attached to the load module of its main program. To get a better picture, let us take an example.
Let A be the Main Program, and this main program invokes the subroutines X, Y and Z. We would have coded the modules X, Y, Z and would have compiled it before executing A.
Now, a static call to the modules X, Y and Z means attaching the load modules of X, Y, Z to the load module of A. It?s like creating a single pack which contains all the load modules needed to execute a higher level program which calls many other programs. This can be done by specifying the compiler option "NODYAM" while compiling the program.
All the load modules of sub routines are embedded within the load module of the main progam.
A dynamic call to the modules X,Y and Z means that you will not attach the load modules of X,Y, Z to the load module of A. The load modules of X,Y and Z will lie in a separate library and the load module of A will lie in a separate library. You will just refer to the library in which the load modules of X,Y and Z lie, while executing the program A. So when ever the subroutines X or Y or Z are invoked in the program A, the library which is specified will be searched for the load modules. By mistake, if the library of the subroutine does not contain the referred program, the system standard library will be searched. If the program is not found in standard library too, the programs will abend. This can be done by specifying the compiler option "DYNAM" while compiling the program.
Performance Comparison of Static Call and Dynamic Call:
Both Static call and Dynamic Call are advantageous depending on various parameters.
1) If your subroutines involve frequent changes, then static call will be a burden. Since the load module of the subroutine is embedded inside the load module of the main program, when ever you recompile the subroutine, you should relink(Process of replacing the old load module with new one) the main program. This surely will be a burden.
In dynamic call, it?s enough if you recompile the sub-routine and put it in the specified library. The new load module will be invoked automatically from the library specified.
2) On the other hand, statically called programs take less time to execute. The overload of searching the library and then invoking the required load is not present in case of static calls.
So, depending on our application need both static calls and dynamic calls are advantageous.